Every philosophical system that appears on the stage of history has to be the continuation of the previous and the base for the next philosophical system. All philosophical systems that stay out of this principle is confined to be offside. This book explores the Islamic thought as a important stage of the development line of the Absolute Idea and the eternal wisdom according to the principle of “continuity of the history.” The book considers the formation of of Islamic philosophy and its development. The main attention is paid to the modern currents of Islamic thought. For this purpose, we examined the philosophical views of modern Islamic thinkers that play an important role in the development of modern islamic thought.