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Intrahousehold inequality and child gender bias in Ethiopia / Feridoon Koohi-Kamali
ContributorKoohi-Kamali, Feridoon
PublishedWashington, DC : World Bank, Africa Region, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Dep., Oct. 2008 ; Halle (Saale) : Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Oct. 2008
HostHalle (Saale) : Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt
DescriptionOnline-Ressource (Text, 25 S., 135 kB)
Includes bibliographical references
SeriesPolicy research working paper ; 4755
Document typeE-Book
Intrahousehold inequality and child gender bias in Ethiopia [0.13 mb]
"The Rothbarth model of intrahousehold resource allocation has consistently failed to detect child gender bias in many applications over the past two decades. This paper challenges the current consensus that the Rothbarth method is not effective in revealing child gender bias from consumption behavior of adults. It proposes an approach to the Rothbarth model that restricts its application to samples of nuclear households and employs an index of child gender based on the number of children in the household and related to a specific selective mechanism of discrimination. It demonstrates the effectiveness of this approach with an application to a 2005-06 Ethiopian consumption survey of 21 299 households conducted by Ethiopia's Statistical Authority covering both urban and rural areas. The paper presents the first clear and extensive evidence of discrimination against girls by all four adult goods employed and the outcome persists in various degrees when reexamined with a lower definition of child age and with female-headed households. The findings provide support for gender-based policies in child-health and education in Ethiopia. "--World Bank web site
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