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The dowry of the state? : the politics of abandoned property and the population exchange in Turkey, 1921-1945 / Ellinor Morack
AuthorMorack, Ellinor
PublishedBamberg : University of Bamberg Press, 15.03.2017
Description1 Online-Ressource (xi, 373 Seiten)
Institutional NoteFreie Universität Berlin, Dissertation, 2013
Dissertation erschienen unter dem Titel: Izmir and the population exchange: the politics of abandoned property and refugee compensation, 1922-1930
In: Parallel erschienen als Druckausg. in der University of Bamberg Press, 2017 (20,00 EUR)
SeriesBamberger Orientstudien ; Band 9
Document typeE-Book
Keywords (GND)Berlin
URLVerlag ; Verlag ; Verlag ; Resolving-System ; Langzeitarchivierung Nationalbibliothek ; Verlag ; Resolving-System ; Langzeitarchivierung Nationalbibliothek ; Verlag
The dowry of the state? [5.14 mb]
When the Greeks and surviving Armenians of present-day Turkey were forced to leave their homeland in 1922 the movable and immovable property they had to leave behind became known as „abandoned property“(emval-i metruke). In theory this legal term implied that the absent owners continued to enjoy their property rights and were represented by the state. In practice however their houses fields and belongings were stolen. They were used for the immediate housing needs of the remaining population distributed among the rich and powerful and sold in public auctions. Initially only a small part of abandoned property was under control of the new Ankara government which was eager to use it as a source of revenue for the empty state coffers. Before it could do so however the government had to deal with various forms of active and passive resistance: homeless people and refugees squatted „abandoned“ homes and fields and members of parliament initially refused to pass laws that would have legalized government administration of „abandoned“ property. From 1924 onwards the property compensation for among incoming migrants from Greece (the so-called exchangees) threatened the financial interests of the state and pitted the newcomers against the existing population. By focusing on all these aspects of the „abandoned property“ question and the multiple forms of resistance against its administration by the state this book offers unique insights into the social and political history of early republican Turkey.
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